Katowitz

katowitz

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Bis zum Zweiten Weltkrieg war die Stadt von den beiden christlichen Konfessionen sowie vom jüdischen Glauben geprägt. Jahrhundert, vor allem als Teil Polens, wuchs die Stadt durch zahlreiche Eingemeindungen. August , führte die Geschäfte der Referendar a. Die Verkehrsanbindung von Katowice ist im polnischen Vergleich dank der Lage im Ballungsraum des Oberschlesischen Industriegebiets sehr gut. Geforscht wird in zahlreichen Bereichen z. Vienna House Easy Katowice. Dezember fand hier die

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Basierend auf 40 Bewertungen. Sie träumen vom Strand? Basierend auf 55 Bewertungen. Unter anderen die folgenden Firmen haben in Katowice investiert: Bei einer Reise nach Kattowitz hält agoda. Januar markiert wurde. Auch der Erste Weltkrieg — brachte keine Zerstörung, sondern neue Aufträge für die Stahlwerke. Nach wie vor ist Katowice nicht nur das wirtschaftliche und politische, sondern auch das kulturelle Zentrum des Oberschlesischen Industriereviers. Wir haben das Alter des Kindes auf 8 Jahre eingestellt.

Previously part of the Beuthen district, in it became the capital of the new Kattowitz district. On 1 April , the city was separated from the district, becoming an independent city.

Though Kattowitz proper voted 22, to remain in Germany and 3, for Poland, [14] it was attached to Poland as the larger district voted 66, for Poland and 52, for Germany.

While the shelling of Westerplatte on 1 September is recognised as the first involvement in the Second World War, Hitler actually ordered a silent sabotage mission a day earlier by dressing his SS officers as Polish soldiers.

Hitler staged a mock attack on the Gliwice radio mast, one of the tallest wooden structures in the world, which was just on the eastern border of Germany at the time.

The international press and reporters were rushed to the scene and instructed to view corpses dressed in Nazi uniforms, supposedly murdered by Poles , at Dachau concentration camp.

This was followed by the alteration of street names and the introduction of strict rules. Additionally, the use of Polish in public conversations was banned.

The German administration was also infamous for organising public executions of civilians [17] and by the middle of , most of the Polish and Jewish population was expelled.

Eventually Katowice was occupied by the Red Army in January Significant parts of the downtown and inner suburbs were demolished during the occupation.

The post-war period of Katowice was characterised by the time of heavy industry development in the Upper Silesian region, which helped the city in regaining its status as the most industrialised Polish city and a major administrative centre.

As the city developed so briskly, the s marked a significant increase in its population and an influx of migrants from the Eastern Borderlands , the so-called Kresy.

The city area began to quickly expand by incorporating the neighbouring communes and counties. However, the thriving industrial city also had a dark period in its short but meaningful history.

In this way the Polish Communist Party and the socialist authority wanted to pay tribute to the dictator. The new name never got accepted by the citizens and in the former Polish name was restored.

The following decades were more memorable in the history of Katowice. Regardless of its industrial significance, it started to become an important cultural and educational centre in Central and Eastern Europe.

In the University of Silesia , the largest and most valued college in the area, was founded. Simultaneously the construction of large housing estates began to evolve.

The s and s saw the evolution of modernist architecture and functionalism. Katowice eventually developed into one of the most modernist post-war cities of Poland.

One of the most dramatic events in the history of the city occurred on 16 December It was then that 9 protesters died 7 were shot dead; 2 died from injury complications and another 21 were wounded in the pacification of Wujek Coal Mine.

The economy of Katowice has been transforming from the heavy industry of steel and coal mines into "one of the most attractive investment areas for modern economy branches in Central Europe".

The Katowice Expo Centre Katowickie Centrum Wystawiennicze organises trade fairs or exhibitions and attracts investors from all over the world.

Katowice is an urban community in the Silesian Voivodeship in south-west Poland. It is central district of the Silesian Metropolis —a metropolis with a population of two million.

It lies between the Vistula and Oder rivers. The average temperature is 8. Yearly rainfall averages at At present, the city of Katowice is inhabited mostly by Poles and ethnic Silesians , but also by several minorities of Germans, Czechs and Moravians.

Over the years this diversity has strongly reflected on local architecture such as tenement housing and state buildings. The recent Polish census showed that the Silesians are the largest ethnic minority in Poland, with Germans being second on the list.

Both of these minorities mostly live in the Silesian region. It is therefore the most multicultural province and voivodeship of Poland.

Most pre-war citizens excluding Poles were violently expelled by the new authorities. This resulted in a large group of exiled Silesians living in present-day Germany, creating a new association of Landsmannschaft Schlesien.

One of its most notable spokesmen and leaders is the Christian Democratic Union politician Herbert Hupka.

During the war, the Nazi occupant committed severe crimes against the local Gypsy and Jewish communities. Most of them were eventually killed or transported by cattle wagons to concentration camps such as Auschwitz for complete extermination.

Katowice lies in the centre of the largest conurbation in Poland, one of the largest in the European Union , numbering about 2.

The Katowice urban area consists of about 40 adjacent cities and towns, the whole Silesian metropolitan area mostly within the Upper Silesian Coal Basin over 50 cities or towns.

The metropolitan area has a population of 5,, In , Katowice and 14 adjacent cities united as the Upper Silesian Metropolis.

In the union planned to unite these cities in one city under the name "Silesia", but this proved unsuccessful. The Katowice conurbation comprises settlements which have evolved because of the mining of metal ores, coal and raw rock materials.

The inhabitants of a large mining community like Katowice, and local administrations within the conurbation, which have only evolved due to mining, are a subject to overall decline after the liquidation of coal mines and factories.

This is one of the reasons which led to the development of the service sector, including office spaces, shopping centres and tourism. Katowice did not originate as a medieval town.

The city centre was beginning to form in the midth century when it was part of the Kingdom of Prussia and had an ethnic German majority.

The buildings of the time are decorated in an eclectic style mostly Renaissance with elements of Baroque and elements of Art Nouveau style Polish: By the end of the nineteenth century the centre was being referred to as a "little Paris" due to the presence of Parisian-styled tenement houses.

Katowice sits at the intersection of major road and rail routes connecting Poland to the rest of Europe in all directions, making the city relatively easy to get in and out of.

Until recently, the dominant economic sectors in the region were mining, steel, electrical machinery, electronics, and chemicals. Due to economic and political changes in the last three decades, this situation has changed dramatically, with heavy industry giving way to the commerce, tourism, trade fair and service industries.

Katowice was first mentioned as a village surrounded by dense forests in In the 18th century, numerous work colonies sprang up in the region, and by and , the Prussian Duke of Pless established an underground coal mine in the area.

Situated in the Upper Silesian Province of the German Empire, Katowice then known by its German name, Kattowitz achieved the status as a county town in In , one of the largest companies in Upper Silesia, the Kattowitzer Aktien-Gesellschaft, was set up with its headquarters in the city.

As a result, major insurance companies and large-cap banks were attracted to Katowice. During the First World War, the steel industry continued to develop at a frenetic pace.

Rail connections were also developed during this period, connecting the city throughout the German Empire and with neighboring Austria-Hungary.

Beginning in , Polish armed insurgents launched a series of uprisings against Weimar Germany, encouraged on by the newly-independent Second Polish Republic.

After the Third Silesian Uprising in , the most successful of all the rebellions, Katowice was annexed by Poland as part of Silesian Voivodeship under the terms of a German-Polish peace treaty.

The Polish government gave the province considerable autonomy, with Katowice serving as the provincial capital and home of the Silesian Parliament.

Between to , Katowice experienced massive industrial and population growth. Construction works further commenced within the city center.

The main communications artery al. Korfantego was widened and old industrial buildings to the west of this road were demolished.

To the east, the historic Tiele-Winckler Palace was also demolished. In the market place, old buildings were replaced by modern shops, including Zenit, Skarbek, and also the Dom Prasy.

The construction of the flying saucer-like Spodek between to had a significant impact on the city. The fall of communism in and the economic changes that followed would significantly alter the city again towards the end of the 20th century.

The airport is 34 km 21 mi from the city center. Katowice is one of the major hubs for Hungarian low cost airline Wizzair , as well as a major destination for Ryanair.

There is also limited service provided by Germanwings. A slew of seasonal charter flights additionally operate out of the airport during the spring and summer months, though mainly to southern Europe, Asia and northern Africa.

Shuttle buses operated by PKM Katowice can be found outside the terminal building, and will take visitors directly to the city center, dropping passengers off near the main railway station Katowice Dworzec.

A cheaper option is to take local bus 85 and then change at Bytom for either express buses or The airport is centered 68 km 42 mi east of Katowice, or about a 45 minute drive.

Underneath the station is a central bus depot for travelers arriving and departing by buses, which has modern backlighting and nice colors to invite passengers on its 10 routes.

Additionally, the train station is attached to the large and modern Galerie Katowicka shopping mall. Trains from all parts of the country and elsewhere around Europe serve Katowice.

Luggage lockers are also provided for at the station. Long-distance bus services will arrive at Dworzec Autobusowy Katowice sometimes abbreviated as D.

Katowice or PKS Katowice at ul. Unibus use large modern coaches suitable for passengers with a lot of luggage, while Bus-Inter uses modern minibuses which may struggle to take large luggage during busy periods.

On the other hand Bus-Inter is generally more responsive to demand and puts on extra minibuses during peak periods. PolskiBus offers daily routes from Katowice to the following locations and times: There are also a number of smaller private minibuses which operate between to and from Katowice.

One such minibus company is Tigerexpress , which connects Katowice with Krakow, Prague and other Czech cities, Vienna, and Bratislava and several Slovak cities.

Katowice lies on the important A4 motorway E40 , one of the main traffic routes for all of southern Poland.

The city is also linked from the south by the A1 motorway , connecting the city to the Czech Republic. There are also a number of expressways crisscrossing Katowice and connecting the city to the rest of the province and the country.

The S86 expressway links Katowice to neighboring Sosnowiec. National road DK86 connects the city to Tychy. All public bus and tram transport in Katowice is supervised by KZK GOP , a comprehensive transit system that serves nearly the entirety of the Silesian Metropolis, with one of the largest tram networks in Poland.

A twenty-four hour free hotline for the system can be found by dialing: At each bus-stop there is an information board with bus routes and where they go.

The full map with bus routes is usually available in City Information Centre near Rynek adress: Rynek 13; employees are multilingual.

There are also trams which transport passengers within the city and beyond the limits of the city. The same ticket type is used in bus and tram.

Katowice offers many different tickets. One-zone ticket is suitable for traveling in the city limits. Zone bus stations overstepping it in a bus or a tram means that one must buy next one-zone ticket or continue traveling with ticket suitable for more zones usually are placed at the border of cities.

Consider, if it is better to use one-ride ticket, week-ticket or monthly ticket. In the bus or the tram only one kind of ticket is available for sell - for three or more zones, for 4,20 PLN or 2,10 PLN with reduced rate.

One-ride tickets could be bought even in grocery stores. When ticket inspector approaches one must show ticket and proper document which allows to use reduced rate tickets.

When you take a taxi, always ask for the price beforehand unless you are willing to pay anything. Different types of taxis can charge very different prices which can vary up to 5 times the regular fare depending on location and time.

Thanks to massive revitalization projects in the city center in recent years, Katowice has started to lift its notorious reputation as a industrial gray landscape.

There are two open air swimming pools Bugla and Rolna. Katowice is blessed with a lively theatrical scene ranking among one of the best in the country.

Unfortunately for non-Polish speakers, the scene is largely restricted to the Polish language , meaning that most productions will be linguistically inaccessible for visiting foreigners.

However, there are occasional productions offered in English. Katowice is one of the epicenters for cultural events in southern Poland.

It is impossible to list all of the events, as many occur without any regular schedule. To get up-to-date information, it is suggested to have a look at internet releases from conventional press organs like Ultramaryna or the cultural pages of Gazeta Wyborcza , bringing cultural news for the entire metropolitan region.

Below is a list of events that happen at regular schedule. As one of the most populated urban areas in the country, Katowice and its surrounding metropolitan area contains a large degree of higher educational institutions to choose from.

For non-Polish speakers, consult with the universities first to see if there are courses that are offered in your native language, whether it be English or another.

The Silesia region particularly Katowice is a major business center of Poland. As Silesian Voivodeship is the main industrial hub in the country, its economy was primarily focused on coal, metallurgy, energetics, and chemicals in the recent past.

Nowadays, it is converting to a more modern profile, including services, information technology, and conventions. There are several institutions supporting the development and economic growth of the Silesian Metropolis:.

There is also a company-organizer for the numerous trade shows and fairs in Katowice: International Katowice Fair [66].

For those interested in renting office spaces there are various offers. For 19th and 20th century adapted houses and old factories like B-class old printing house [67] to A class skyscrapers.

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Katowitz Video

Josh Katowitz #10 BLUE Jahrhunderts kam es zu einer dynamischen Bevölkerungszunahme. Der Eisenhammer steht für den Bogutzker Tipps bei book of ra an der Rawa, der die Grundlage für die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung und ein Besten games der frühen Gemeinde war und deshalb bereits in einem alten Gemeindesiegel auftauchte. Jahrhundert, vor allem als Teil Polens, wuchs die Stadt durch zahlreiche Eingemeindungen. Ligota - Panewniki Ellgoth-Panewnik. Weiterhin verbindet die sog. Verfeinern Sie Ihre Suche. The largest shopping center in the region, the Silesia Center is a good place for those dragon castle spiel for big brand shops. Staromiejska 12 Near Galeria Katowicka and the adjoining rail station. Thank you for your interest. Intrepid visitors will find an interesting city with charming secessionist architecture from the early s, historic reminders of the German and communist past, stunning modern architecture, hospitable and proud local people, and easy access to the Beskid Mountains and other neighboring communities. Korfantego was widened and old industrial buildings to the west of this road were demolished. To the east, the historic Tiele-Winckler Palace was also 3 liga frankreich. The city area began to quickly expand by incorporating jazz casino neighbouring communes and counties. Music [ edit ] Silesian Philharmonic Polish: Neo-Renaissance Monopol Hotel opened in The cemetery was partially katowitz by occupying German forces during World Hard rock online casino review II, but thankfully much survived. Von hier sind neben den Regionalverbindungen alle wichtigen polnischen Städte zu erreichen und es bestehen Direktverbindungen zu bedeutenden Städten in den Nachbarländern wie Berlin , Hamburg , Wien , Prag oder Bratislava. Studio Apartament Centrum Katowice. Eine Mikwe folgte und wurde der Jüdische Friedhof angelegt. Januar markiert wurde. Mai zum Ausbruch des dritten Aufstandes. Basierend auf 12 Bewertungen. Mit der Angliederung nach Polen wurde statt der deutschen Namensform die polnische die amtliche. Im Jahr erhielt die Stadt den Europapreis für ihre herausragenden Bemühungen um den europäischen Integrationsgedanken. Jahrhunderts hatte Kattowitz eine evangelische Kirche, zwei katholische Kirchen, eine altkatholische Kirche, ein Gymnasium, eine Oberrealschule, eine Baugewerkschule , eine Präparandenanstalt , eine Irrenanstalt und ein Amtsgericht. Die versteckte Schönheit von Kattowitz ist bislang noch wenig entdeckt. Da bei dieser amtlichen Aufteilung teilweise mehrere Orte zu Stadtteilen zusammengelegt sind und neben diesen Stadtteilen noch weitere Siedlungen und Kolonien bestehen, sind alle aktuellen und historischen Stadtteile von Katowice in einem eigenen Artikel zusammengefasst. Piotrowice- Ochojec Petrowitz-Ochojetz

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Basierend auf 27 Bewertungen. Im Jahr erhielt die Stadt den Europapreis für ihre herausragenden Bemühungen um den europäischen Integrationsgedanken. Basierend auf 40 Bewertungen. Mai zum Ausbruch des dritten Aufstandes. Nach hat die Stadt ihre frühere Position als Industrie- und Verwaltungszentrum in der Woiwodschaft Schlesien zurückerlangt. Einwohnerentwicklung der Stadt Katowice. Bis zum Zweiten Weltkrieg war die Stadt von den beiden christlichen Konfessionen sowie khalid azaitar jüdischen Glauben geprägt. An diesem Zustand änderte auch die Stadterhebung wenig, auch wenn der Anteil der anderen Glaubensrichtungen zunahm. Dezember fand hier die Der Bahnhof Kattowitz ist einer der wichtigsten Eisenbahnknotenpunkte Polens. Basierend auf 14 Bewertungen. Verfeinern Sie Ihre Suche. April in dieser Version in die Liste algerischer liebesknoten casino royal lesenswerten Artikel aufgenommen. Der Anteil der Evangelischen an der Gesamtbevölkerung von Katowice hatte vor allem seit der Ovo casino software stark zugenommen. Im Jahr sportfreunde lotte trainer die Stadt den Europapreis für ihre herausragenden Bemühungen gta 6 premiera den europäischen Integrationsgedanken. Mit der Angliederung nach Polen wurde statt der deutschen Namensform die polnische die amtliche. Augustführte die Geschäfte der Referendar a. Von hier sind neben den Regionalverbindungen alle wichtigen polnischen Städte zu erreichen und präsidentschaftswahl live bestehen Direktverbindungen zu bedeutenden Städten in den Nachbarländern wie BerlinHamburgWienPrag oder Bratislava.

The German administration was also infamous for organising public executions of civilians [17] and by the middle of , most of the Polish and Jewish population was expelled.

Eventually Katowice was occupied by the Red Army in January Significant parts of the downtown and inner suburbs were demolished during the occupation.

The post-war period of Katowice was characterised by the time of heavy industry development in the Upper Silesian region, which helped the city in regaining its status as the most industrialised Polish city and a major administrative centre.

As the city developed so briskly, the s marked a significant increase in its population and an influx of migrants from the Eastern Borderlands , the so-called Kresy.

The city area began to quickly expand by incorporating the neighbouring communes and counties. However, the thriving industrial city also had a dark period in its short but meaningful history.

In this way the Polish Communist Party and the socialist authority wanted to pay tribute to the dictator. The new name never got accepted by the citizens and in the former Polish name was restored.

The following decades were more memorable in the history of Katowice. Regardless of its industrial significance, it started to become an important cultural and educational centre in Central and Eastern Europe.

In the University of Silesia , the largest and most valued college in the area, was founded. Simultaneously the construction of large housing estates began to evolve.

The s and s saw the evolution of modernist architecture and functionalism. Katowice eventually developed into one of the most modernist post-war cities of Poland.

One of the most dramatic events in the history of the city occurred on 16 December It was then that 9 protesters died 7 were shot dead; 2 died from injury complications and another 21 were wounded in the pacification of Wujek Coal Mine.

The economy of Katowice has been transforming from the heavy industry of steel and coal mines into "one of the most attractive investment areas for modern economy branches in Central Europe".

The Katowice Expo Centre Katowickie Centrum Wystawiennicze organises trade fairs or exhibitions and attracts investors from all over the world.

Katowice is an urban community in the Silesian Voivodeship in south-west Poland. It is central district of the Silesian Metropolis —a metropolis with a population of two million.

It lies between the Vistula and Oder rivers. The average temperature is 8. Yearly rainfall averages at At present, the city of Katowice is inhabited mostly by Poles and ethnic Silesians , but also by several minorities of Germans, Czechs and Moravians.

Over the years this diversity has strongly reflected on local architecture such as tenement housing and state buildings.

The recent Polish census showed that the Silesians are the largest ethnic minority in Poland, with Germans being second on the list.

Both of these minorities mostly live in the Silesian region. It is therefore the most multicultural province and voivodeship of Poland. Most pre-war citizens excluding Poles were violently expelled by the new authorities.

This resulted in a large group of exiled Silesians living in present-day Germany, creating a new association of Landsmannschaft Schlesien. One of its most notable spokesmen and leaders is the Christian Democratic Union politician Herbert Hupka.

During the war, the Nazi occupant committed severe crimes against the local Gypsy and Jewish communities. Most of them were eventually killed or transported by cattle wagons to concentration camps such as Auschwitz for complete extermination.

Katowice lies in the centre of the largest conurbation in Poland, one of the largest in the European Union , numbering about 2. The Katowice urban area consists of about 40 adjacent cities and towns, the whole Silesian metropolitan area mostly within the Upper Silesian Coal Basin over 50 cities or towns.

The metropolitan area has a population of 5,, In , Katowice and 14 adjacent cities united as the Upper Silesian Metropolis.

In the union planned to unite these cities in one city under the name "Silesia", but this proved unsuccessful.

The Katowice conurbation comprises settlements which have evolved because of the mining of metal ores, coal and raw rock materials.

The inhabitants of a large mining community like Katowice, and local administrations within the conurbation, which have only evolved due to mining, are a subject to overall decline after the liquidation of coal mines and factories.

This is one of the reasons which led to the development of the service sector, including office spaces, shopping centres and tourism. Katowice did not originate as a medieval town.

The city centre was beginning to form in the midth century when it was part of the Kingdom of Prussia and had an ethnic German majority.

The buildings of the time are decorated in an eclectic style mostly Renaissance with elements of Baroque and elements of Art Nouveau style Polish: By the end of the nineteenth century the centre was being referred to as a "little Paris" due to the presence of Parisian-styled tenement houses.

Between the s and s many socialist apartment blocks were constructed around the inner suburbs. Notable examples from that period include a multipurpose arena complex called Spodek and parts of Koszutka district.

Katowice is one of the few cities in Poland where nearly all architectural styles are present. For instance, the Market square in Katowice Polish: Rynek Katowicki is surrounded by a vast majority of buildings and edifices representing styles such as neoclassicism , modernism , socialist realism and contemporary-modern.

Some tenements have neogothic elements, which are an outstanding example of this type in Central and Eastern Europe. The street outlines, especially within the older inner districts, closely resemble the ones in Paris.

These, however, mostly adorned the city center and not working-class outer suburbs. Unfortunately many old majestic buildings were demolished in the s to make space for monumental modern blocks.

Among other reasons for their destruction was the immense architectural detail which once represented the wealth of local industrialists and property owners.

Today, the marketplace and several nearby streets with shopping promenades are closed to traffic. Katowice is a large coal and steel center. Katowice is a large business and trade fair center.

Every year in Katowice International Fair and Spodek , tens of international trade fairs are organized. Katowice has the second largest business centre in Poland after Warsaw Business Centre.

Katowice is the cultural centre of the entire Silesian agglomeration inhabited by over two million people and one of the leading cultural spots in Poland.

This also includes hosting gatherings and exhibitions well as film and musical events. Annual musical festivals such as the Rawa Blues , the Tauron New Music Festival, the Silesian Jazz Festival, the Mayday Festival and other concerts, which attract yearly hundreds of thousands of tourists from the entire country.

The Silesian Philharmonic also has its seat in Katowice. The opening of a new architectural complex of the National Polish Radio Orchestra took place in A showcase for Katowice is the "Camerata Silesia" - an ensemble aimed at promoting the city in Poland and overseas.

Classical music also plays significant role in Katowice and the city annually becomes a venue for numerous classical concerts and festivals.

Several other galleries feature exhibitions of the works by artists from abroad alongside with film screenings, workshops for children and public fairs.

Katowice is a large scientific centre. It has over 20 schools of higher education , at which over , people study. Additional services are operated by private companies and the state-owned railways.

Silesian Interurbans - one of the largest tram systems in the world, in existence since It spreads for more than 50 kilometres 31 miles east-west and covers 14 districts of the Upper Silesian Metropolis.

Because of the long distance to the airport, there is a proposal to convert the much closer sport aviation Katowice-Muchowiec Airport into a city airport for smaller, business-oriented traffic.

Upper Silesian Railway reached the area in Katowice Central Station is one of the main railway nodes and exchange points in Poland.

It has replaced the old Katowice historic train station. The city has direct connections among others with Warsaw , Cracow , Szczecin and Gdynia.

It was a national stadium of Poland, with more than 50 international matches of the Poland national football team played here and around 30 matches in UEFA competitions.

Katowice is twinned with:. There are several institutions supporting the development and economic growth of the Silesian Metropolis:.

There is also a company-organizer for the numerous trade shows and fairs in Katowice: International Katowice Fair [66].

For those interested in renting office spaces there are various offers. For 19th and 20th century adapted houses and old factories like B-class old printing house [67] to A class skyscrapers.

The two most noticable are the Altus and Chorzowska Mariacka Street [71] has the highest density of drinking establishments, among others:.

Wifi Internet access points are on the rise across Katowice. Pronounced in Polish as wee-fee , many businesses will advertise wifi access with a sign on their windows.

Some common chain cafes and central locations offering wifi access points are:. Katowice is generally a very safe city to stay in, and should not cause concern for visitors.

In previous years, the rail station was a magnet for petty thefts, although since its refurbishment and expansion, this has considerably decreased.

As in other European cities, people should keep their wits, particularly in crowded places. However, visitors will be more than able to get around and pantomime to be understood.

Thankfully for English speakers, English can be widely understood by many younger Poles below the ages of 30 to Older Poles may potentially have some knowledge of Russian or German.

Related Slavic languages, such as Czech and Slovak , are also partially understood, albeit with several humorous differences.

The easiest way for tourists to avoid any potential language problems would be to learn a few key Polish words and phrases , a fact that will not be lost with Katowicians.

Additionally, the border with the Czech Republic is also within easy reach. Just click any blue "Edit" link and start writing!

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Katowice Contents 1 Understand 1. Understand [ edit ] Katowice sits at the intersection of major road and rail routes connecting Poland to the rest of Europe in all directions, making the city relatively easy to get in and out of.

History [ edit ] Downtown Katowice. Get in [ edit ] By plane [ edit ] Katowice Pyrzowice Airport. The interior of Katowice railway station.

By bus [ edit ] Long-distance bus services will arrive at Dworzec Autobusowy Katowice sometimes abbreviated as D. Get around [ edit ] Public transport [ edit ] The Katowice tram network.

One ride ticket price: Plac Oddzialow Mlodziezy Powstanczej the "Silesia" hotel ul. Piotr Skargi the "Katowice" hotel Korfantego Av.

Once a dilapidated part of the city, St. Today, this pedestrianized zone has become a popular place for Katowicians attracted by its many pubs and growing number of restaurants.

At the end of the street is St. Cathedral of Christ the King Polish: Built between to , the Cathedral of Christ the King is the largest cathedral in Poland.

Pope John Paul II visited the cathedral in Its dome is a familiar site in the Katowice skyline 3rd of May Street Polish: Often cited as one of the most expensive streets in the country, the busy ul.

The street runs next to the central railway station, and is home to numerous shops, restaurants and tram stops. Between to , the street was extensively modernized and refurbished.

Completed in , this indoor sports arena and concert hall has been described as a tilted UFO landing in the middle of a city.

Indeed, its unusual part socialist, part science fiction design have made the Spodek one of the most famous arenas in the country and a symbol of the city.

Michael the Archangel Polish: Michael the Archangel is the oldest structure in the city. Silesian Insurgents Monument Polish: A communist-era monument unveiled in , this winged memorial commemorates the Polish insurgents of the three Silesian Rebellions between to , who fought Weimar German forces in Upper Silesia in order for the region to join the Second Polish Republic.

The cemetery was partially destroyed by occupying German forces during World War II, but thankfully much survived.

In recent years, refurbishment efforts have begun to restore the burial grounds. In the park there are several restaurants and cafes, a zoo, a planetarium, an ethnographic museum, and a gondola "Elka.

Within the park is the Katowice Parachute Tower, built in and originally used as a training ground for parachutists. Workers colony from beginning of 20 century composed by tiny houses with gardens.

A complex of six houses built in for nine American families from Montana. Murcki A lovely district located near the oldest still working coal mine in Europe.

Neoromanesque Franciscan church and monastery located in Panewniki district. Neogothic church located in Bogucice district with beautiful polychromies.

Neobaroque church with interesting polychromy just near the main road from Sosnowiec to Katowice. Settlement of Stars Osiedle Gwiazdy.

Modernist settlement not far from city center having its name by star-shaped apartment houses. Big forest area with many nature reserves and walking paths in Murcki district.

Big forest area in Panewniki district with many walking paths and many artificial ponds. Neogothic church in Szopienice district with lovely polychromies and stain glass windows.

Barbara and Janina ponds. Two lovely ponds hidden in the forest in Giszowiec district. A small pond in the city center green area. Lake located in Stawiki Lake Complex inhabited by many water birds like swans.

Museums [ edit ] Silesian Museum Polish: A fascinating museum detailing the industrial, artistic, and cultural history of the Silesian region.

In , the museum moved to the sprawling grounds of a former coal mine next to the city center, all of which has been completely revitalized.

The museum has art and an interactive walk through the history of Silesia. The museum is free on Tuesdays. Katowice Historical Museum Polish: Muzeum Historii Katowic [27].

A museum detailing the historical life of Katowice and the surrounding Silesian Metropolis, this institution is divided into several parts, with its main building on ul.

Szafranka 9 near the main railway station. The museum also operates the Church of St. Historical Museum of Computers and Information Polish: A fine museum detailing the evolution of computer technology, geared to computer enthusiasts and young adults.

A modern art gallery, featuring contemporary photography and objects. Wilson Shaft Gallery Polish: Galeria Szyb Wilson [30].

The largest private gallery of its kind in Poland and housed in a former industrial building named after American President Woodrow Wilson, the gallery houses modern artwork from domestic and foreign artists.

The gallery is also frequently used for concerts, balls and parties. Parnas Contemporary Art Gallery Polish: A modern art gallery featuring contemporary Polish artists.

The Roundabout of Art Polish: Rondo Sztuki , [32]. Two galleries and a cafeteria with concerts and parties are housed in a building located in the middle of a roundabout, close to the Spodek.

The primary place for art-house film in the city centre Rialto [34] , 24 St Jana Street. An artist run venue which specialises in more experimental film and music and has a lovely cafe too.

A modern multiplex type cinema with 13 screens. It is located inside the biggest shopping mall in Katowice, Silesia City Center.

Helios [37] , 13 Uniwersytecka Street. A modern multiplex type cinema with approximately 9 screens, located in the Altus center, the highest building in Katowice.

Relax [ edit ] Bolina Sport area located in the forest area with two small ponds. Artificial lakes complex with watersports center and public beaches.

Theatre Korez [39] , 2 Plac Sejmu Slaskiego. A theatre company well-known for being involved in some of the most cutting-edge theatre in Katowice.

Theatre Cogitatur [40] , 9a Gliwicka Street. An experimental theatre troop known also as the former organizers of A Part Festival.

A contemporary visual and physical theatre group, formed by Marcin Herich, actor, director and organizer of theatre events.

They are also organizers of A Part Theatre Festival. One of the oldest marionette theatres in Poland. They are organizers of International Festival of Doll Theatres Katowice, advertised mainly for children.

Music [ edit ] Silesian Philharmonic Polish: One of the most prestigious orchestras in the country is based in Katowice. Narodowa Orkiestra Symfoniczna Polskiego Radia [45].

Silesian Beer Festival March , A theatrical and television drama festival, the event is a competition of directors for the Konrad Prize. Summer Theatre Garden [48] "LOT" are summertime outdoor weekend theatre meetings with comedy and cabaret spectacles.

It is organized by the Korez theatre. Mayday [52] The Polish edition of the international technoparty, located in the Spodek hall. Grzegorz Fitelberg International Competition For Conductors [53] A prestigious open competition for conductors of all nationalities.

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